Occupational Therapy

An occupational therapist (OT) in the school setting supports a student’s ability to participate in daily school activities or “occupations”.

Functions

OTs collaborate with educational staff, parents and community providers to identify and modify challenges that students face throughout their school day.

OTs may support students by providing interventions for skill advancement, compensatory strategies, equipment and environmental adaptations, and activity modifications to maximize the student’s independence.

Availability

School-based occupational therapy is available for students who are eligible for special education and services are determined through the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) process.

Some areas in which occupational therapists help support students include:

Fine Motor: holding writing tools and other small objects, manipulate toys 
Eye-Hand Coordination: use of scissors, puzzles 
Visual Motor: printing, drawing, coloring, forming figures 
Visual Perceptual: sorting, matching, letter reversals 
Self-Care: dressing, feeding, using utensils; following routines 
Sensory: responses to sensory inputs; differences impacting school participation 
Strength/Endurance: manipulating materials, sustaining body positions, moving against gravity